The cottage garden
The idea of the cottage garden comes from England
The first gardens of this kind were the smal areas around the little houses of the english farmers and farm labourers. Those gardens had a size of about 500qm and were uses for self-sufficiency with fruit, vegetable and herbs.
Often chickens held and sometimes gave it also a pond for ducks and geese. In the house garden sumptuously flowers flowered - each free mark was used. At the walls of the Cottages grew trees of fruit , roses and other climbers, but also equipment sheds and walls were wrapped into pictorial green.
The flowers are located in the Cottage garden in large groups, it are the plants multicolored in disorder and never sowed themselves and in loose troops the garden area conquered (e.g. lupinen). "The Cottage garden, as it in the course of the centuries developed, is characterised by a probably-formed freedom. It is a product of the healthy human understanding, connect Usability with pleasing one and is completely unpretentious."
At the end of the 19. Century gradually wealthier became owners of their Cottages. The pure utilizable gardens changed themselves often completely into small paradises of flowers, which were quite individually coined/shaped depending upon the inhabitant. Important garden planners, like the english woman Gertrude Jekyll (1843-1932) or William Robinson (1838 - 1935) could be inspired by the Cottage gardens.
The enclosure in the Cottage garden
Usually one plant the garden with a high white thorn hedge. At the road also a simple wood slat fence could limit the area. In the north of England frequently stonewalls were set, other place used one brick walls. You can plant in place white thorn naturally also another hedge, since the white thorn is quite thornily and easily from parasits will strike can. With the time also different plant types may mix into the hedge (maple, beech, eibe, johannisbeere, snow berry etc.), you can also equivalent during the new planting a mixed hedge plant, but never when all disorder - at the end it must look then nevertheless in such a way, as if individual wild seedlings would have in-smuggled themselves.
The Cottage garden is to be regarded despite its freedom as an architecturally arranged plant, because the vegetable patches are similar as arranged in the little garden within an probably-arranged, straight-line raster. From the Entry the way runs always dead-straight to the door of the house, where a bank invite for resting. The way lining should be simple - local, historical materials is the first priority. In England one often uses bricks, which are shifted in the fishbone sample. tarpaulin the way not too narrowly, since the sumptuously growing flowers in the summer restrict the main entrance otherwise too much. Simple lines up of small trees span the way to the house, planted with roses. Use inciteless climbing roses : -) Naturally and possible are also different climbers: Glyzinie, Clematis x jackmanii, Clematis flammula, Clematis montana (all smell plants) The way can be set in with shrubs - never however with a cutting Buxus. Approximately cut Buxus may stand as pair at the garden entry ( buxus are possible: Acre tropiaria).
The flowers in the Cottage garden had to be resistant, since most Cottage gardners had in former times little time for the care. Plants were exchanged partially from nature taken (lupinen, thimble, koenigskerze) or with the neighbour. Thus those flowers in the Cottage gardens succeeded, which by division easily are to be increased (Phlox, Pfingstrosen, kinds of iris, gold rod), or which by would look themselves easy: e.g.. stick roses, Ringelblumen, kapuzinerkresse and lupinen. By the way many of the flowers specified above were originally cultivated as welfare or kitchen herbs. The slim, high-increasing kinds of flower, like the lupinen, stick roses, thimble and koenigskerze (or similar kinds) were planted near to the house and them to give the Cottage garden in the long run only the friendly, pleasant atmosphere.
This is still to say: the Cottage gardner had increasing flowers beside the simple, grazil always a secret preference for filled flower sorts.
Which originally did not give it in the Cottage garden: One did not have lawn - to the stay in the free one one built maximally a roomy summerhouse. Bloom bushes were used only very few (Flieder). There were no book tree verges of the patches. There were no arc-shaped ways for formative reasons.***
More about Cottage garden by John Brookes: (back gardens in the rural style, John Brookes Eltville on the Rhine, 1995)
"Once the Cottage garden was a place, at a multicolored potpourri of wonderful flowers and a small Gemuesegaertchen temporarily recovery of the hard land or factory work offered...
Today colors play an important role in the organization of Cottage gardens. Keeping a certain colour ensures that between garden and house and/or garden and surrounding landscape optically a connection develops. The color of wood and finery of a house front should be supplemented harmoniously. An unexpected, original element was always an important component of the rural garden. It can have a sculptureful character (for instance a artful cut bush or tree, which insert themselves between the surrounding plants well, and/or a correct plastics ), or one refers into the ornamental garden some vegetables and/or fruits also, as for example artichokes and fenchel, something asparagus, sugar corn and or other stachelbeerstrauch. And you do not forget also to winter vegetable like the green Kohl or the decorative handles of the kohlrabis. An indispensable component of the Cottage garden are the herbs, which are very versatile usable. Particularly to mention I would like here Rosmarin, lavendel as well as all Salbei and Thymianarten. Parsley is suitable excellently as verge plant.
Plants for Cottage gardens
More tender stature forms and bloom colors should dominate opposite more remarkable, more strongly structured plants. An important role comes to climbers, equally winter blooms and numerous bulb flowers should be present.
Lilies are indispensable, in particular the beautiful Madonna lily (Lilium candidum), which seems to always grow in the traditional Cottage gardens in rows.
Plant beyond that climbing -, bolting and bush roses. Unnaturally against it work little trees, shrub forms and hybrids."